Additional information

Digital Photo Archive
Photos from the private album of camp commander Karl Koch can be found here.

Facility for execution by shooting in the neck
Information on the historical site can be found here.
A replica of the facility can be found here.

SS-Hauptscharführer Werner Fricke, head of the Weimar Buchenwald Registrar’s Office II from 1939 to 1945, with his wife and friends in front of their new house in the SS colony II near Kleinobringen, ca. 1941. Photo: Thüringisches Hauptstaatsarchiv Weimar


20 February

389 Dutch Jews from Amsterdam and Rotterdam are committed to the camp.


The SS transfer the Dutch Jews and the majority of the Sinti and Roma to the Mauthausen concentration camp near Linz, where they perish in the quarries.

5/12 July

Following the arrival of two inmate transports of Polish and Jewish inmates, the systematic murder of persons afflicted with tuberculosis by means of injections begins.

13/14 July

On two transports under the file number "14f13", 187 sick and disabled inmates are taken to the Sonnenstein "euthanasia" killing facility in Pirna and suffocated in the gas chamber there.


The SS execute Soviet prisoners of war in the firing range of the Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke adjacent to the camp. For future shooting executions they set up a facility in an SS stable to the west of the camp. Over the course of the following two years, the members of the "SS Kommando 99" murder 8,000 Soviet prisoners of war by shooting them in the neck.

18 October

The Wehrmacht turns 2,000 Soviet prisoners of war from the Wietzendorf prisoner-of-war camp over to the SS to serve as forced labourers. A special subcamp is established within the concentration camp for Soviet prisoners of war.


A commission of "euthanasia" assessors selects Jewish inmates for extermination.


Camp Commandant Koch is transferred to Lublin. There are 7,911 inmates and 1,902 Soviet prisoners of war in the camp. The camp death toll for 1941 is 1,746. This does not include the Soviet prisoners of war, whose deaths are not recorded.

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