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The name "Buchenwald" became synonymous with National Socialist crimes when the concentration camp was built on the Ettersberg near Weimar in 1937.

From 1945, the Soviets used the site for one of their special camps, and after 1950, the GDR built Germany's largest concentration camp memorial here. In 1990, Buchenwald was redesigned as a memorial and opened up for the remembrance of the fate of other groups of victims.

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