Detention cell building
Further information on the camp prison can be found here.
The "bunker", as the jail in the camp gate building is called by the inmates, receives its first prisoners. Under SS prison ward Martin Sommer it becomes a place of torture and murder.
The concentration camp becomes an official part of the Weimar municipal district.
The mass arrest of so-called work-shy begins. Thousands who have refused the work assigned them, but also the homeless and vagrant, are committed to concentration camps.
End of May
The participants of the Hitler Youth's Reich Leadership Camp tour the concentration camp.
The labourer Emil Bargatzky is hanged on the roll call square before the entire inmate community for having fatally injured an SS guard during an escape attempt. It is the first public execution carried out at a German concentration camp.
More than a thousand Jews are lodged in the sheep pen and the shell construction of the inmates' kitchen without beds, benches or tables. The SS set up a zoo next to the barbed-wire fence.
The first Austrians arrive at the camp on transports from Dachau. Among them are many prominent persons of Jewish origin from the fields of art, education and science.
The number of inmates exceeds 10,000 for the first time.
Following the anti-Jewish pogroms, 9,845 Jews are crowded into a barbed-wire enclosure, mishandled and robbed. The intention is to force them to emigrate. In the process, 250 Jews lose their lives. December Typhus breaks out in the camp as a consequence of overcrowding and an acute shortage of water.
The camp has an inmate population of 11,028. Of the 802 who have died in the camp in 1938, 408 were Jews.