Photographs of Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial

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A) 68th anniversary of the liberation
A memorial ceremony commemorating the liberation of the Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp is held each April.
Photo: Andreas Froese-Karow. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
B) Entrance area in front of the former roll call grounds
Concrete pillars erected in the 1970s mark the entrance to the former prisoners’ camp. The former roll call grounds are visible in the background.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
C) Former roll call grounds
Site of the roll calls carried out every morning and evening. Corporal punishment was also administered here, and there was a gallows for mass hangings. In 1974 the local GDR authorities had the muster ground landscaped as a “Memorial of the Nations” with a concrete speakers’ platform, a curved wall, a bowl of flames and the “Stones of the Nations” around the edges.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
D) Former "Bunker": Camp prison with detention cells
Constructed in 1944, the so-called “Bunker” served the Gestapo and the SS for the purpose of torturing and murdering inmates. The GDR authorities had the solid stone building torn down to its foundation walls in 1952.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
E) Former execution site
In a depression in the walled-in prison courtyard – a location not visible from the camp – there was an execution site with a gallows. Here the SS secretly murdered inmates who had offered resistance.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
F) Former sports field
In the summer of 1944, the SS had a football field laid out next to the camp prison. Only priviledged inmate functionaries had access to it.
Photo: Andreas Froese-Karow. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
G) Former carpenter´s barrack
After 1945 this original camp barrack was used as a carpenter´s workshop at Nordhausen. In 1999 it was transfered to the Memorial.
Photo: Andreas Froese-Karow. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
H) Remnants of a former prisoner barrack
Each wooden barrack housed around 500 prisoners.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
I) Former cinema barrack
Having served its original purpose for only a very brief period, during the final months of the camp’s existence the cinema barrack was used as a temporary lodging for inmates arriving on transports from Auschwitz and Gross-Rosen Concentration Camp. Many died here.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
J) Former fire station outside
At the beginning of the Memorial the former fire station building hosted the administration. After having been restored, remediated and provided with a new porch, it is now used for hosting special exhibitions.
Photo: Andreas Froese-Karow. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
K) Former fire station inside
The former fire station is now used for hosting special exhibitions.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
L) In front of the crematorium
A sculpture by Jürgen von Woyski, created in 1964, stands directly in front of the former crematorium. The square also holds monuments honouring all the victims who died at the camp, Jewish prisoners, as well as Sinti and Roma prisoners.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
M) Memorial plaque in front of the crematorium
The plaque is dedicated to all the prisoners who perished in the concentration camp.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
N) Former crematorium
The Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp crematorium went into operation in fall 1944.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
O) Reconstructed prisoners’ barrack
Today, the reconstructed prisoners’ barrack contains multifunctional rooms for educational projects, events, and special exhibitions.
Photo: Roland Obst. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
P) Museum building
The museum building was completed in 2005. Today it houses the permanent exhibition, a visitor information centre, the museum café, an archive and library, a film screening room, seminar rooms, and the offices of the memorial staff.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
Q) Permanent Exhibition
View into the exhibition "Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp 1943-1945".
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
R) Mine car in the permanent exhibition
The mine car is representative of the two chief themes of Mittelbau-Dora: the history of forced labour in the concentration camps, and the attempt to relocate factories to underground locations during the second half of the war.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
S) Relief model: The Mittelbau camp complex
Besides the main camp of Dora, about 40 subcamps were part of the Mittelbau camp complex in the Harz region. Their former locations are shown in a relief model in the permanent exhibition.
Photo: Wolfgang Günzel. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
T) Former SS area
The SS area comprised the accommodation barracks and service buildings for the concentration camp guard details and the SS camp administration personnel.
Photo: Andreas Froese-Karow. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
U) Former railway station ramp and industrial area
Remnants of the foundation of the former camp railway station.
Photo: Roland Obst. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
V) Former track bed course
From the camp railway station the tracks ran into the subterranean tunnel system.
Photo: Andreas Froese-Karow. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
W) Access to the tunnel system
In 1947, the Soviet occupying power had the entrances to the tunnels blasted. The facilities in the Kohnstein have been accessible by way of a new entrance tunnel since 1995.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
X) Main tunnel - Former Tunnel A
A section of the Main Tunnel A contains a model of the subterranean factory. There are also texts, displayed on the walls, which describe the conditions in the mines.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
Y) Transverse tunnels - Former chamber 45
46 transverse tunnels are situated between the two main tunnels. Until 1944 some of them were used as accomodation for inmates.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial
Z) School project
Modern seminar rooms are available for hosting educational projects and group programmes.
Photo: Claus Bach. Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Memorial