Interior of a barrack of the inmates’ infirmary following liberation, after April 11, 1945. Photo: U.S. Signal Corps. National Archives Washington

"Of those patients admitted and those examined the most prevalent causes of sickness were dysentery, malnutrition and tuberculosis. Typhus and pneumonia were also quite common. During the first few days officers and enlisted man moved out of tents and were billeted in buildings. A mess was set up in the Buchenwald camp to help feed the inmates. Food consisted of soft and liquid diet (i. e. soup, milk, oatmeal, and meat stew).
One of the surest signs that the unit's work was effective was the fact that within three (3) days after our taking over the camp, the death rate dropped from one hundred (100) per day to less than thirty (30)."

Report of the 120th Evacuation Hospital, 10 June 1945 (excerpt)

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