Photo: Naomi Tereza Salmon, Buchenwald Memorial

Camp fence and watchtowers

An impenetrable security system consisting of a fence and watchtowers surrounded the inmates’ camp. The system comprised a security strip with a chevaux-de-frise and trip wires, and an electric barbed-wire fence charged with 380 volts. Armed guards were stationed in the twenty-three watchtowers. A guard path ran along the outside of the fence around the entire camp grounds.