Additional information

Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation
Further information can be found here.

Jewish Memorial
Further information is available here.

The first wooden cross erected by the memorial in early 1990 in commemoration of the victims of the Soviet Special Camp. Photo: SGBuMD


January to March

The public has learned of the graves of Soviet Special Camp No. 2 in late 1989. The Buchenwald Memorial erects a wooden cross.


The exhibition planned in the summer of 1989, "Konzentrationslager Buchenwald, Post Weimar/Thür." is presented at the Gropius-Bau Berlin (West). An accompanying catalogue is published.


A young people’s centre is set up in the former "Albert Kuntz" youth hostel. International work camps begin excavating neglected sections of the former Buchenwald Concentration Camp.


A temporary exhibition (collection of material) on Soviet Special Camp No. 2 opens in the former inmates’ canteen.


Previously neglected topics are addressed in guided tours, events, exhibitions and publications: "overgrown history", Jews, homosexual inmates, Sinti and Roma, SS.


The Thuringian Ministry of Science and Art appoints a historians’ commission under the chairmanship of Prof Dr Eberhard Jäckel. The aim is to develop basic recommendations for the memorial’s further activities.


Members of the staffs of Buchenwald Memorial and the Remarque Archiv/Forschungsstelle "Krieg und Literatur" at Universität Osnabrück join to develop the exhibition "'Reue ist undeutsch'. Erich Maria Remarques 'Der Funke Leben' und das Konzentrationslager Buchenwald" (" 'Regret is Un-German': Erich Maria Remarque’s Sparks of Life and Buchenwald Concentration Camp". The exhibition opens in the former Buchenwald Concentration Camp depot on 11 April 1993.


The historians’ commission submits recommendations for the new orientation of the Buchenwald Memorial.


A new and significantly expanded guide to the memorial is published: "Buchenwald: A Tour of the Memorial Site" (in German, English and French). It addresses new topics and places them in the context of sites along the tour route.

The brochure "Speziallager Nr. 2 Buchenwald" appears.International contest for the design of a Jewish memorial on the grounds of Buchenwald Memorial.


Dedication of the Jewish memorial, attended by federal family minister Hannelore Rönsch, chairman of the Central Council of Jews in Germany Ignatz Bubis, minister president of the Free State of Thuringia Dr Bernhard Vogel, and Thuringian minister of science and art Dr Ulrich Fickel.

The memorial is located at the site of the former Jewish block no. 22, whose floor area is dug out and partially filled with stones from the Buchenwald quarry. Pieces of olive wood from Israel are embedded in the wall. The inscription (Psalm 78:6), appearing in English, Hebrew and German, reads:

So that the generation to come might know, the children, yet to be born, that they too may rise and declare to their children. (Design: Tine Steen, Klaus Schlosser)


Conclusion of the contest advertised nationwide in 1993 for the design of a document building for the permanent exhibition "The History of Soviet Special Camp No. 2, Buchenwald, 1945–1950".


Establishment of the Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation, constitutive meeting of the foundation council at the Buchenwald Memorial, first meeting of the foundation board of trustees (previously the historians’ commission) under the chairmanship of Prof Dr Eberhard Jäckel.


Reopening of the bookshop and the cinema


The old permanent exhibition on the history of Buchenwald Concentration Camp is closed and work begins on the installation of a new one to replace it.

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