Beginning in mid 1944, children also came to Buchenwald from the camps in the East as the latter were being vacated. The youngest was two and a half years old. Without protection, these youngsters would have had no chance of survival. They received help. As early as the autumn of 1939, political inmates in the circle around the Communist Robert Siewert saved Polish adolescents from death by setting up a “bricklayers’ school”. In July 1943, it was also thanks to their intervention that Barrack 8 was established, a haven for 160 Polish, Russian and Ukrainian teenagers in the camp. Due to the better living conditions prevailing there, many of them managed to survive, as did a number of Jewish children and adolescents who joined them in the final months (including Meir Lau, who would one day become the chief rabbi of Israel). The two Communist block seniors, Franz Leitner and Wilhelm Hammann, were honoured in Israel as “righteous among the nations”. One of the youngest survivors was Stefan Jerzy Zweig, whose rescue story later became a novel and a legend: "Naked Among Wolves" by Bruno Apitz.