View across the former roll call square. The building used to store personal effects, the crematorium, and gate building. Photo: Katharina Brand. Buchenwald Memorial

In the midst of the German people

Buchenwald Concentration Camp is every bit as much part of the city of Weimar’s history as it is intrinsic to the history of National Socialism. Even as a significant proportion of the population was subject to the rules and norms of the "people's Community", others were being systematically marginalized, persecuted and even killed. While Germans were the first to be subjected to such policies, ultimately people from across Europe, and even other areas of the world, were subject to them. All told, almost 280,000 people were eventually incarcerated at Buchenwald.

The sheer volume of personal accounts, documents, reports, and artefacts means that any tour of the camp grounds can only skim the surface of its history. For this reason, the Memorial offers both one-day and multi-day programmes designed to elucidate — by way of biographies, historical events and tours of specific sites and locations — the history of the camp between 1937 and 1945. Programme participants are able to elect which themes and methodologies best suit their needs and interests. Memorial staff can assist group participants in deepening their understanding of the inter-relationships between these complex historical events.