Additional information

Commemorative sites
The commemorative stone for the Polish-Jewish Special Camp can be found here.

Rooms in the detention cell building commemorating Paul Schneider and others can be found here.

Disinfection of inmates of the Polish-Jewish Special Camp on the muster ground, autumn of 1939. Photo: Buchenwald Concentration Camp Records Office. Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington

1939

Beginning of February

The "race researcher" Robert Ritter has the SS present him with Sinti in custody in the camp for scientific evaluation.

February

After typhus spreads to villages situated to the north of the camp, the SS are compelled to adopt measures to improve the water supply.

1 April

The new special registry office "Weimar II" in the camp command area commences its work, which consists primarily in the registration of deaths.

September

After the war begins, 8,500 men are committed to the camp, among them some 700 Czechs, hundreds of Burgenland Roma, more than 2,200 Poles and more than a thousand Viennese Jews.

October

The SS crowd more than 3,000 Poles and Jews into a special camp consisting of tents on the muster ground. Their treatment of these persons is characteristic of systematic mass murder.

November

A dysentery epidemic breaks out. The spread of the disease to the surrounding villages leads to a conflict with the government health authorities.

9 November

After the attempt to assassinate Hitler in Munich the previous evening, the SS take revenge on the Jewish inmates. An execution squad murders 21 Jews in the quarry. All other Jews in the camp are deprived of food for three days.

Year-end

There are 11,807 inmates in the camp. In 1939, 1,378 inmates have died in Buchenwald.

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