Additional information

Detention cell building
Further information on the camp prison can be found here.

Audio/Video

Song of Buchenwald
The Song of Buchenwald, composed by Fritz Löhner-Beda and Hermann Leopoldi and sung by the Schloss Belvedere Musikgymnasium choir:
MP3 (1:36 Min.) German version

To order a CD of the song, click here.

Jewish men who have been arrested in the days following the pogrom of november 9, 1938 have to stand for roll call in blocks. Floodlights illuminate the roll call square. Photo: Buchenwald Concentration Camp Records Office. Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington

1938

 

February

The "bunker", as the jail in the camp gate building is called by the inmates, receives its first prisoners. Under SS prison ward Martin Sommer it becomes a place of torture and murder.

1 April

The concentration camp becomes an official part of the Weimar municipal district.

April

The mass arrest of so-called work-shy begins. Thousands who have refused the work assigned them, but also the homeless and vagrant, are committed to concentration camps.

End of May

The participants of the Hitler Youth's Reich Leadership Camp tour the concentration camp.

4 June

The labourer Emil Bargatzky is hanged on the roll call square before the entire inmate community for having fatally injured an SS guard during an escape attempt. It is the first public execution carried out at a German concentration camp.

Mid-June

More than a thousand Jews are lodged in the sheep pen and the shell construction of the inmates' kitchen without beds, benches or tables. The SS set up a zoo next to the barbed-wire fence.

September

The first Austrians arrive at the camp on transports from Dachau. Among them are many prominent persons of Jewish origin from the fields of art, education and science.

October

The number of inmates exceeds 10,000 for the first time.

10-14 November

Following the anti-Jewish pogroms, 9,845 Jews are crowded into a barbed-wire enclosure, mishandled and robbed. The intention is to force them to emigrate. In the process, 250 Jews lose their lives. December Typhus breaks out in the camp as a consequence of overcrowding and an acute shortage of water.

Year-end

The camp has an inmate population of 11,028. Of the 802 who have died in the camp in 1938, 408 were Jews.

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